What is social dialogue?
Social dialogue is a concept that covers all the relationships between trade unions and employers’ organizations. It covers also bilateral and tripartite relations with state authorities, such as the government and it’s agencies, local government and other national institutions. It is a process of constant interaction between the participants of the dialogue in order to reach agreement on matters of control over changing socio-economic factors on a macro and micro scale. Social dialogue can take the form of:
- Institutionalized, in which collective negotiations are conducted by specially appointed institutions, councils or commissions, operating on the basis of legal acts or adopted agreements. Participation in the work of such institutions is limited to several of the most representative trade union organizations and employers that can realistically influence the behavior of their members and lead them to comply with the findings of a tripartite body.
- Non-institutional dialogue can be implemented by concluding collective labor agreements, as well as by consulting and giving opinions, which are the implementation of the rights of social partner organizations under the legislation concerning them. In non-institutional forms, it is possible to create civil dialogue with the participation of non-governmental organizations.