What are the forms of social dialogue?
Social dialogue can take the following forms:
- • Negotiations – social partners usually participate in them. At national level, a third party, the government, also participates. The goal of negotiations is usually to reach a compromise that will guarantee social peace. The negotiations may also concern substantive matters and mutual relations between the parties. The result should be an agreement binding all parties of the negotiations.
- Consultations – involve the same participants as the negotiations, but do not necessarily lead to an agreement, although the parties usually honor their result.
- Giving opinions – representatives of the state administration are the initiative to get to know the opinions of trade unions and employers’ organizations on government policies. The positions of social partners are not absolutely binding on the government. The rules for giving opinions are, however, most often regulated by law, which also determines in which matters the government is obliged to consult.
- Informing – social partners have the right to be informed about matters of importance to employees or employers. Government administrations provide this information, either on their own initiative or at the request of interested parties. At the company level, the right to information is held by trade unions, employee councils and other employee representatives.