What are the specific risks to health and life?
In accordance with the provisions of the Labour Code, it is not allowed for an employer to use:
- materials and technological processes without first establishing their harmfulness to the health of workers and taking appropriate preventive measures,
- substances and chemical preparations not clearly labelled to enable them to be identified,
- dangerous substances and dangerous chemical preparations without having an up-to-date inventory of those substances and preparations and safety data sheets, as well as packaging to protect against their harmful effects, fire or explosion,
- dangerous substances and dangerous chemical preparations shall be permitted provided that measures are taken to ensure that workers are protected for their health and life.
The rules for the classification of chemical substances and preparations in terms of health or life hazards, the list of dangerous substances, the requirements for safety data sheets for dangerous substances or preparations and the way in which they are labelled shall lay down separate provisions.
It is also worth noting that the employer is obliged to:
- where a worker is employed under conditions of exposure to substances, preparations, agents or technological processes with carcinogenic or mutagenic effects, replace those substances, agents or technological processes less harmful to health or apply other available measures to limit the degree of such exposure, making appropriate use of scientific and technical developments,
- record all types of work in contact with substances, preparations, agents or technological processes with carcinogenic or mutagenic effects and keep a register of the workers employed in that work,
- where a worker is employed under conditions of exposure to harmful biological agents, use all available means to eliminate exposure and, where this is not possible, limit the extent of that exposure, taking due use of scientific and technical developments,
- keep a record of work exposing workers to harmful biological agents and a register of workers employed in such work, and
- is obliged to protect workers from ionising radiation from artificial and natural sources present in the working environment.
In addition, an employer engaged in an activity which creates the possibility of a sudden danger to the health or life of workers shall take measures to prevent such danger by providing appropriate rescue equipment and equipment and their handling by duly trained persons and providing first aid to victims.