What are the sanepid permissions?
In accordance with Article 23 of the PIS Act, the state sanitary inspector is entitled to check the compliance of the buildings under construction with the hygiene and health requirements laid down in the applicable legislation. Irregularities found in the course of the inspection shall be entered in the construction log, setting a time limit for their removal.
He therefore has the right to enter at any time of the day or night in the towns and villages to:
- workplaces and all premises and facilities within them,
- public utilities, commercial premises, plot gardens and immovable property and all premises forming part of them,
- means of transport and related facilities, including ships, inland waterways and air vessels,
- under construction.
The inspector shall have the right to request written or oral information and to summon and interview persons, to request documents and to make available all data and sampling for laboratory testing.
The State Sanitary Inspector or the Chief Sanitary Inspector shall also have the right to enter the dwellings in the event of suspicion or discovery of an infectious disease, a health risk by environmental factors, and if there is or is to be a production or service activity in the apartment.
Andthe sanitary inspector performs tasks with the help of a sanitary and epidemiological station under his control. Article 27 of the PIS Act states that, in the event of a breach of hygiene and health requirements, the State Health Inspector shall order, by decision, the rect removal of the deficiencies found within the prescribed period. Where a breach of requirements has resulted in an imminent threat to human life or health, the state health inspector shall order:
- immobilization of the workplace or parts thereof (workstation, machinery or other equipment),
- closure of a public utility facility,
- the decommissioning of the means of transport,
- the withdrawal from the market of a foodstuff, material and device intended to come into contact with food, cosmetic product or other device which may affect human health,
- take or cease other actions.
In such a situation, decisions shall be enforced immediately.
The PIS plays a particularly important role in the era of COVID-19, under the Act on State Sanitary Inspection, the Act on prevention and control of infections and infectious diseases in humans and anti-covid laws, it has been equipped with a number of tasks and powers to help stop the pandemic. Under the ACT on PIS, the Chief Sanitary Inspector or another authority of the State Sanitary Inspection acting under his authority may issue to legal persons, natural persons and organizational units without legal personality decisions imposing an obligation to take certain preventive or control measures and require them to provide information in this regard, as well as the obligation to distribute (medicinal products, foodstuffs for particular nutritional purposes or medical devices) , personal protective equipment and biocidal products). In turn, the Act on preventing and combating infections and infectious diseases in humans, has authorised sanepid to require an infected person or an infectious disease, or a suspected infection or infectious disease, or a person who has come into contact with a source of biological pathogen, to undergo sanitary procedures, protective vaccination, post-exposure prophylactic use of medicines, sanitary and epidemiological testing, epidemiological surveillance, quarantine, treatment, hospitalisation and isolation , even in house conditions. In addition, the state district sanitary inspector may, by decision:
- prohibit access to contaminated premises;
- order the decomamination, disinfestation or deratisation of immovable property or premises;
- order the decomamination of objects and, if this is not possible, their destruction;
- prohibit the use of water intended for human consumption and for economic purposes derived from shots suspected of being contamination by biological pathogens;
- prohibit the consumption of food suspected of being contamination and, if necessary, order it to be examined, sanctioned, destroyed or otherwise intended;
- order an autopsy of a deceased person who has been diagnosed or suspected of being infected or has an infectious disease;
- prohibit the execution of human and animal carcasses where an autopsy could lead to infection of persons or contamination of the environment, except where there is a suspicion of a criminal offence.