Are people working outdoors entitled to clothing that protects against UV radiation?
Long-term skin exposure to the sun can have both short-term and long-term harmful effects. The cause of this is ultraviolet radiation. People who work outdoors should be provided with clothing that largely protects against harmful radiation, including skin cancer.
The effectiveness of such garments depends on the type and density of the fabric and how it is processed. UV clothing ensuring work safety in sunlight meets the requirements of EN 13758-2: 2003 + A1: 2006 (PN-EN 13758-2: 2007).
The EN 13758-2: 2003 + A1: 2006 standard (PN-EN 13758-2: 2007) defines the protective properties against UV radiation. Clothing in accordance with this standard is intended for work in an environment in which there is potential exposure of the worker to UV rays.
The UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) factor determines the degree of protection of the fabric against UVA and UVB radiation. The fabric is exposed to a UV source that simulates midday sunlight. The amount of UV rays blocked by the fabric is measured with a device called a spectrophotometer. The UPF rating relates to how much sunlight is blocked. UPF 50+ blocks more than 97.5% of the sun’s rays.
Clothing that meets the EN 13758-2: 2003 + A1: 2006 standard should be marked with an appropriate pictogram or marked, among others the words “Provides protection against UVA + UVB solar radiation” and “The protection provided by the garment may decrease as a result of its wear, stretching or getting wet”.